April 13, 2024
GenB_Magnesium Oxide Market

The Power of Purity: GenB_Magnesium Oxide Solutions

Magnesium Oxide: A Versatile Mineral with Wide-Ranging Applications

What is Magnesium Oxide?

Magnesium oxide, also known as magnesia, is a widely used mineral with the chemical formula MgO. It occurs naturally as periclase and is a white solid mineral that is odorless and has a slightly bitter, alkaline taste. Magnesia can be obtained by calcining naturally occurring magnesium carbonate or seawater-derived magnesium salts into an anhydrous form.

Uses of Magnesium Oxide


Magnesium oxide is an important refractory material due to its ability to withstand very high temperatures without melting or recrystallizing. It is commonly used as a lightweight aggregate in fireclay bricks for lining industrial furnaces and kilns. Magnesia acts as a thermal barrier, preventing heat transfer through conduction. Refractory bricks containing magnesia have high melting points over 3,000°C and can tolerate temperatures up to approximately 2,800°C in oxidizing atmospheres.

Animal Feed Supplement

Magnesium oxide is used as a feed supplement for livestock due to its high magnesium content. Magnesium is an essential mineral necessary for healthy bone development and nerve and muscle function in animals. Magnesia helps meet their daily magnesium requirements and can be added directly to animal feed mixes or used to supplement mineral mixes. Poultry, cattle, pigs, and other farm animals all benefit from magnesium oxide supplements.

Environmental Uses

Magnesium oxide has a number of environmental applications as well. Finely ground magnesia is distributed on reservoirs and lakes as a pH modifier to counteract acid rain and support healthy aquatic ecosystems. Its highly alkaline properties help neutralize acidic waters and buffer against further acidification. Magnesia slurry can also be injected into oil and gas wells as a scale inhibitor to prevent pipe clogging during extraction operations.

Industrial Uses

In industrial manufacturing, magnesium oxide has uses ranging from polymer production to wastewater treatment. Dead-burned magnesia acts as a desulfurizing agent during the manufacture of polymers and plastics. Magnesium hydroxide forms when magnesia is exposed to acids or natural waters, allowing it to be used for chemical wastewater treatment and sludge dewatering. Magnesia slurry exhibits thixotropic behavior, thickening under static conditions but liquefying when agitated. This property makes it useful as a thickening and suspending agent.

Pharmaceutical Uses

Pharmaceutically, magnesium oxide is utilized both as an active ingredient and an inactive excipient in medications. As an active compound, it is used as an antacid and laxative to relieve symptoms like indigestion, heartburn, and constipation. Magnesium hydroxide formed in the digestive system helps relieve acid reflux and neutralize stomach acids. Magnesia is also present as an inactive binder, disintegrant, or glidant in pharmaceutical tablets and capsules to aid manufacture and delivery of the active drug.

Fire Safety

Magnesium periclase has an additional safety role as a fire suppressant due to the insulating effect of the oxide layer that forms when magnesium burns. Finely powdered magnesium oxide is used in some dry powder extinguishing agents along with carbon dioxide or NAF S-III agents as an auxiliary suppressant. It helps exclude oxygen and form a heat-barrier coating to smother combustion. Magnesia cement dusts can provide temporary fireproofing of structures subjected to exposures below 800°C.

Other Functions
Beyond the applications mentioned above, magnesium oxide has minor uses as a pozzolan in air entraining agents for concrete production, a raw material in magnesium metal extraction, and a crucible material for glass melting and crystal growing due to its high heat resistance in non-oxidizing conditions. Magnesia neutralizes acids generated by bacteria in oral hygiene products and also functions as a food additive, clarifying agent, and anticaking agent in limited amounts.


In summary, magnesium oxide possesses remarkably versatile properties that give it relevance for refractories, agriculture, environment, industry, pharmaceuticals, and safety applications. Its thermal stability and alkalinity features arise from a protective inner oxide layer that forms at high temperatures. The wide commercial availability and relatively low cost of magnesia further contribute to its ubiquitous use across many sectors. As technology continues to advance, new functions for this multi-purpose mineral compound will undoubtedly be discovered. ___________________________________________________________________________