April 20, 2024
Dissolving Pulp

Dissolving Pulp: A Vital Raw Material for Various Industries

Production and Sources of Dissolving Pulp

Dissolving pulp is a type of pulp produced specifically for its ability to dissolve in water. It is mainly produced from softwood tree species such as pine, spruce and larch. The pulp production process involves chemical and mechanical treatments to selectively remove the lignin content from the wood fibers leaving a highly purified and partially dissolved cellulose rich pulp.

The major production methods used are sulfite and sulfate processes. In the sulfite process, the wood chips are cooked in a pressure vessel with sulfurous acid and bisulfite ions at high temperatures. This helps dissolve the lignin while preserving the cellulose fibers. Sulfate or kraft process involves cooking the wood chips with a mixture of sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfide known as white liquor. Around 70-75% of total world dissolving pulp is produced using sulfate process due to its higher yield compared to sulfite process.

The top producers of Dissolving Pulp are USA, Brazil, Canada and Northern European countries like Sweden and Finland which have abundant forest resources. China has also emerged as a significant producer in recent years. Global production capacity stands at over 7 million tons currently with USA and Brazil being the largest individual country producers.

Uses and Applications of Dissolving Pulp

Dissolving pulp finds key applications in various industries due to the highly purified cellulosic composition without lignin residues. Some of the major uses are:

– Viscose Rayon: Dissolving pulp is used as the primary raw material to manufacture viscose rayon – one of the most important man-made fibers. Over 60% of total world dissolving pulp production goes into rayon fiber manufacturing.

– Cellulose Ethers and Esters: Dissolving pulp acts as the cellulosic feedstock for producing cellulose derivatives like methyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose etc. widely used as thickeners, binders and emulsifiers in various consumer products.

– Cigarette Filters: Highly purified dissolving pulp in the form of cellulose acetate is used as the main raw material in cigarette filter production due to its moisture absorbing properties.

– Pharmaceutical Applications: Cellulose derivatives from dissolving pulp find applications as disintegrants, binders and coatings in tableting and capsulation processes in pharmaceutical industry.

– Speciality Cellulose: Products like microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, ethyl cellulose etc. manufactured using dissolving pulp have applications as excipients in nutrition and food industries.

With the rising demand for these end products, production and consumption of dissolving pulp has been growing steadily at over 2-3% annually reaching 7 million tons currently.

Growth Drivers and Future Outlook

The demand trends for dissolving pulps are expected to remain strong over the coming years underpinned by the following factors:

– Growing Rayon Fiber Markets: Viscose rayon is finding increasing applications as an affordable substitute for cotton and other natural fibers. This is translating to higher demand from the globally expanding rayon markets.

– Emerging Economies: As nations like China, India continue to develop, demand is rising rapidly from several end use industries therein which consume significant amounts of products manufactured using dissolving pulp.

– Innovation & New Product Development: Companies are working on developing newer applications and derivatives of cellulose using advanced technologies. This is opening up scope for rising pulp needs from customized specialty products.

– Sustainability Drive: Trends towards replacing petrochemical based synthetic fibers and chemicals with plant-derived green alternatives like rayon are benefiting demand for dissolving pulp. Stringent environmental regulations are also supporting the transition.

– Supply Disruptions of Alternatives: Periodic supply issues and price fluctuations for other raw materials used in related industries boost reliance on stable wood pulp supplies.

However, factors like slower economic growth, fluctuation in crude oil prices impacting competitiveness of alternatives and constraints in forest resources could potentially act as headwinds over the long term for this industry. But overall outlook remains positive with demand projected to increase further to over 8 million tons by 2025 driven by the aforementioned factors.

Dissolving pulp has emerged as a promising biomass sourced raw material supporting multiple industries. With continuous research and adoption of innovative production technologies, the industry’s role is expected to grow more significantly in the coming years given its renewability, sustainability and versatility. Steady supplies will be key to cater rising global needs from diverse end use applications.

*Note:
1. Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public sources, Desk research
2. We have leveraged AI tools to mine information and compile it